The first step -Know your numbers:
- Normal blood pressure: 120/80 (systolic/diastolic)
- Pre-hypertension level: 120-139/80-89
- Hypertension/High Blood Pressure: greater than 90/140
|Guidelines:||Pressure Goals:||Treatment Options:|
American Heart Association
|<130/80 mm Hg||
ACE Inhibitor or Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB)
1. ACE Inhibitor or Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB)
2. Thiazide diuretic
3. Beta blocker, or calcium channel blocker (CCB)
American Diabetic Association
Diabetes Care 2014
|<140 /90 mm Hg||1. ACE inhibitor or ARB|
|JNC 8 2013||<140/ 90 mm Hg||
For Non-Black population: ACE inhibitor ARB.
For Black population: Thiazide type diuretics, CCB, ACE-inhibitor or ARB
- Lifestyle changes – you can do it!
- Know your number! Take advantage of any opportunity to get your blood pressure checked. Many times you can check it for free at your local pharmacy.
- Proper Nutrition is Preventative Care. The DASH Diet (Dietary Approach to Stopping Hypertension) is a balanced meal plan that can fit into any lifestyle and budget. See the attached meal plan for ways to increase fruits and vegetables and decrease the added salt in your diet. A Registered Dietitian can help you meet your nutritional goals. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/dash
- Exercise regularly to maintain a healthy body weight and relieve stress.
- If you smoke, it’s time to quit.
- Take your medication as prescribed.
- See your doctor for a regular check-up
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