Concussion Center at Stamford Health
Dedicated to your recovery
Make an Appointment
We look forward to meeting you. Give our staff a call at 203.276.4123.
Please complete Medical History form prior to your arrival.
We are committed to providing you with the highest quality and most compassionate care. United by this commitment, we will collaborate with your current treatment providers and other members of our Concussion Center team to help you or your child reach a full recovery as quickly and safely as possible.
Since a concussion affects each individual uniquely, our team develops a customized treatment plan for each patient to optimize recovery. In addition to post-injury evaluations, the Center also provides community education and wellness services. We see patients across the lifespan, from school age to adulthood.
What is a concussion?
A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury that can occur after a bump, blow or jolt to the body or head that causes the brain to move within the skull. A person does not need to be knocked unconscious to have a concussion.
To learn more about concussions, download our brochure on What You Need to Know About Concussions or our Parent's Guide to the Student Athlete.
Key Concussion Statistics
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. emergency departments treat an estimated 173,285 sports- and recreation-related traumatic brain injuries (TBI) each year among children and adolescents, including concussions. The majority of concussions (80%-90%) recover within approximately 3 weeks; however, it can take longer for young people, and the potential for more serious injury is always present.
What are the symptoms of a concussion?
Sometimes symptoms don't show up until days after the original trauma. These symptoms can include: headache, balance problems, memory loss, difficulty concentrating, headache, light sensitivity, blurred vision, fatigue and dizziness. If, after a bump, blow or jolt to the head or body, any of the following signs are observed, call 9-1-1 or go to the Emergency Department for evaluation right away:
- Loss of consciousness
- Drowsiness or inability to be awakened
- Weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination
- Repeated vomiting
- Unusual behavior
- One pupil larger than the other
- Worsening headache
- Convulsions or seizures
- Slurred speech
- Inability to recognize people or places
- Increased restlessness or agitation
Concussion Services & Evaluation
Comprehensive Baseline Evaluation
As concussions are unique to every individual, it is helpful to have baseline testing completed before a head injury occurs. In the event of a suspected concussion, baseline test results can be compared to post-injury results to determine the level of neurocognitive impairment and help make recommendations. Experts recommend yearly baseline assessments up to age 14, then every 2 years thereafter. The baseline visit includes:
- Computerized neurocognitive testing via ImPACT® (Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing). If you have taken ImPACT before, obtain your UNIQUE Passport ID # and bring with you to appointment so your results can be linked.
- Vestibular ocular motor and balance assessments
- Review of results and education
On the day of your baseline evaluation, please take all medications as normal, even if not in school. Also, please refrain from physical exercise 3 hours prior to appointment.
Comprehensive Post-Injury Evaluation
Initial and follow-up visits include:
- Computerized neurocognitive testing via ImPACT®. If you have taken ImPACT before, obtain your UNIQUE Passport ID # and bring with you to appointment so your results can be linked. Additional neuropsychological testing is administered on an as-needed basis, determined by the neuropsychologists.
- Detailed clinical interview
- Vestibular ocular motor and balance assessments
- Plan of care and recommendations: management guidelines and prognosis for recovery are individualized and may include academic or work accommodations as needed.
- Concussion Center providers will follow you throughout the recovery process.
Below are some frequently asked questions to help prepare you for your visit.
1. I’m a new patient; what happens during my visit to the concussion center?
a. Detailed clinical interview including medical/family history and history of the current injury
b. Computerized neurocognitive testing via ImPACT® (approximately 20-30 minutes to complete) at each visit
c. Vestibular ocular motor and balance assessments
2. What is ImPACT®?
a. A neurocognitive test that evaluates areas of brain function including memory, information processing and reaction time.
b. Please visit the ImPACT® website to learn more.
3. I took ImPACT® somewhere else, can you compare the results?
a. Yes, if you obtain your ImPACT® Passport ID, we can then link the results. The place that administered the test originally (doctor office, school, etc.) should be able to provide you with your Passport ID.
b. Every person who has taken the test has an assigned Passport ID. It is listed on PAGE 1 of a printed ImPACT® report and is a 12 alpha-numeric code. If you took the test more than a year ago, be sure to ask your provider to generate a NEW report to obtain the Passport ID.
4. What is a neuropsychologist?
a. A neuropsychologist is trained in the field of psychology. Clinical training consists of assessment, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation with individuals with neurological, neurodevelopmental, psychiatric, and cognitive disorders.
b. Neuropsychologists evaluate individuals' neurocognitive, behavioral, and emotional strengths and weaknesses and their relationship to central nervous system functioning.
c. Neuropsychologists use neurocognitive testing to help assess deficits in certain areas of functioning that can be affected with a concussion. Neurocognitive tests are designed to examine a variety of cognitive abilities including memory and learning, language, attention, information processing and executive functions. By examining a range of cognitive abilities and examining patterns of performance in different cognitive areas, neuropsychologists can make inferences about underlying brain function.
5. I have ADHD, do I still take my medicine before my visit?
Yes, it is important to continue to take your medications as prescribed, whether it is for a Baseline or Post Injury evaluation.
6. Will I receive a note for school?
A detailed treatment plan will be provided to each patient based on the evaluation, including academic accommodations, restrictions for physical activity and/or employment restrictions when appropriate.
Concussion Center Team
- Christina B. Kunec, PsyD, Neuropsychologist, Director, Concussion Center
- Jill Walker, Ph.D., Neuropsychologist, Concussion Center
- Margot Laedlein, MSN, APRN, Pediatric Neurology
- Robert Fryer, MD, Pediatric Neurology
- Eric Kung, MD, Adult Neurology
- Marc Brodsky, MD, Integrative Medicine, Pain Management Specialist
- Outpatient Rehabilitation